Researchers in the fields of cardiovascular disease, rheumatism and MS have together shown that there is a common risk factor for these conditions. It is the first identified gene to link autoimmune diseases with cardiovascular diseases.
“This gene variant can therefore be one of the single largest genetic causes of complex diseases with inflammatory components,” says Fredrik Piehl, associate professor at Karolinska Institutet and researcher at the CMM. “There is also a chance that other diseases are also affected by this gene variant. The discovery can now lead to more reliable diagnostics and better treatments for a great number of patients.”
The gene variant was first identified in an animal model and then studied in a number of patient groups to ascertain if there was a link to human diseases. The researchers discovered that people with the variant ran a 20–40 per cent greater risk of developing rheumatism, MS or a myocardial infarction. The gene variant is also common: an estimated 20–25 per cent of the population carry it.
The discovery reveals a new area of application for statins, drugs usually taken to lower cholesterol levels. Statins have been shown to influence the activity in this gene.
The disease-associated gene variant leads to a reduction in the production of a number of immune defence proteins. Some viruses and bacteria have also been observed to influence the gene in an attempt to evade the immune defence system, a strategy employed, for example, by the viruses that cause AIDS, herpes and hepatitis.
The article, entitled “MHC2TA is associated with differential MHC molecule expression and susceptibility to rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis and myocardial infarction” will be published on the Nature Genetics website on Sunday 10 April at 5.00 p.m. GMT, Greenwich Mean Time.
For more information, contact
Fredrik Piehl on +46-8-517 798 40 or +46-73-775 62 18; firstname.lastname@example.org
Professor Tomas Olsson, on +46-8-517 762 42 or +46-70-721 35 98; email@example.com
You may also contact
Annica Ericsson, scientific coordinator at the Centre for Molecular Medicine (CMM), on +46-8-517 708 78 or +46-70-484 06 25; Annica.Ericsson@cmm.ki.se and
Sabina Bossi, Press Officer at Karolinska Institutet on +46-8-524 838 95; firstname.lastname@example.org