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Staff professionalism more important than choice of method in treating problem youth

16 May, 2005 - Statens institutionsstyrelse

A fresh report that assessed the treatment at three youth homes run by the National Board of Institutional Care, abbreviated SiS in Swedish, shows that two thirds of the boys do fairly well. On the other hand, the choice of methods used does not appear to be crucial. The key factor is the competence and commitment of the staff and the boys’ relationship with their contact persons.

New discovery sparks hope of safer dosage of Warfarin

13 May, 2005 - Uppsala universitet

The blood-thinning drug Warfarin tops the list of drug side-effects in Sweden. Patient sensitivity to Warfarin varies, which can lead to over-dosage and in certain cases to death. A study led by Mia Wadelius at Uppsala University in Sweden indicates that two genes may be the explanation. The findings are being published in the latest issue of The Pharmacogenomics Journal.

Skogforsk wins key role in major EU forestry-sector project

9 May, 2005 - Skogforsk (Stiftelsen Skogsbrukets Forskningsinstitut)

In the face of tough competition, Skogforsk (the Forestry Research Institute of Sweden) has landed the role of coordinator for one of the EU’s biggest ever research projects in the forestry and forest-based sector. The project, entitled Eforwood, has been set up to develop a tool for sustainability impact assessment of the European forestry and forest-based sector. The project is scheduled to run for four years and will involve 35 organizations in 18 countries, with a planned total budget of €19 million (US$24.5m).

Mutated gene causes serious heart disease in newborns

4 May, 2005 - Uppsala universitet

The research group of professor Manfred Kilimann at the Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Uppsala university, has elucidated the genetic cause of a severe heart disease in newborn children. This result will be published in the June issue of the American Journal of Human Genetics this week.

Local parliaments on the rise in China

3 May, 2005 - Göteborgs universitet

China’s local people’s congresses have recently become more active and been given more political power. By cooperating closely with the party, the partially popularly elected people’s congresses are increasing their capacity to monitor their local administrations. This puts more pressure on local politicians to follow the law and not abuse their power.

Exercise training in ordinary people affects the activity of 500 genes

2 May, 2005 - Karolinska Institutet

A new study from Karolinska Institutet in Stockholm shows that hundreds of genes in the thigh muscle are activated in regular cycle training. The study also reveals that great differences in training response may be due to the ability in some people to activate their genes much more forcefully. The study is published May 2 in FASEB Journal.

Faulty folding of protein in the environment may cause disease

30 April, 2005 - Uppsala universitet

Serious diseases like Alzheimer‚s and type-2 diabetes have been shown to be related to unhealthy protein chains that occur when proteins fold incorrectly. In an article in the scientific journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, PNAS, a research team directed from Uppsala University shows that similar protein chains in our environment may hasten the process.

Abnormal cell division explained

28 April, 2005 - Lunds universitet

Why do some cancer cells divide not into two, as cells are supposed to do in mitosis, but into three-four new cells that look thoroughly abnormal? This question was raised as early as the 1890s by the German tumor researcher David Hansemann, who could observe the strange mitosis even using the microscopes of his day. Now another David, Lund University researcher David Gisselsson, has found an answer.

More efficient and cleaner car engines in sight

27 April, 2005 - Karlstads universitet

Imagine a car engine that saves you gas money and protects the environment. That may soon be a reality. Researchers at Karstad University in Sweden, working with the Swedish company Mecel, have developed a new method to make internal combustion engines more efficient and environmentally friendly.

Robust sensor yields cleaner car exhaust

27 April, 2005 - Linköpings universitet

Emissions from cars have to be reduced further in order to meet today’s environmental demands. A new and robust exhaust sensor developed by researchers at Linköping University has proven to meter the consistency of exhaust gases extremely well and is now on its way to the market. It’s a tiny electronic component, no larger than the head of a pin. It has been tested both at LiU and in cars at its collaborating auto-makers, Volvo Cars in Gothenburg, Sweden, and Ford Motor Company in Detroit, Michigan. The results are reported in a dissertation by Helena Wingbrant, a doctoral student at the S-SENCE center of excellence.