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Local parliaments on the rise in China

3 May, 2005 - Göteborgs universitet

China’s local people’s congresses have recently become more active and been given more political power. By cooperating closely with the party, the partially popularly elected people’s congresses are increasing their capacity to monitor their local administrations. This puts more pressure on local politicians to follow the law and not abuse their power.

Exercise training in ordinary people affects the activity of 500 genes

2 May, 2005 - Karolinska Institutet

A new study from Karolinska Institutet in Stockholm shows that hundreds of genes in the thigh muscle are activated in regular cycle training. The study also reveals that great differences in training response may be due to the ability in some people to activate their genes much more forcefully. The study is published May 2 in FASEB Journal.

Faulty folding of protein in the environment may cause disease

30 April, 2005 - Uppsala universitet

Serious diseases like Alzheimer‚s and type-2 diabetes have been shown to be related to unhealthy protein chains that occur when proteins fold incorrectly. In an article in the scientific journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, PNAS, a research team directed from Uppsala University shows that similar protein chains in our environment may hasten the process.

Abnormal cell division explained

28 April, 2005 - Lunds universitet

Why do some cancer cells divide not into two, as cells are supposed to do in mitosis, but into three-four new cells that look thoroughly abnormal? This question was raised as early as the 1890s by the German tumor researcher David Hansemann, who could observe the strange mitosis even using the microscopes of his day. Now another David, Lund University researcher David Gisselsson, has found an answer.

More efficient and cleaner car engines in sight

27 April, 2005 - Karlstads universitet

Imagine a car engine that saves you gas money and protects the environment. That may soon be a reality. Researchers at Karstad University in Sweden, working with the Swedish company Mecel, have developed a new method to make internal combustion engines more efficient and environmentally friendly.

Robust sensor yields cleaner car exhaust

27 April, 2005 - Linköpings universitet

Emissions from cars have to be reduced further in order to meet today’s environmental demands. A new and robust exhaust sensor developed by researchers at Linköping University has proven to meter the consistency of exhaust gases extremely well and is now on its way to the market. It’s a tiny electronic component, no larger than the head of a pin. It has been tested both at LiU and in cars at its collaborating auto-makers, Volvo Cars in Gothenburg, Sweden, and Ford Motor Company in Detroit, Michigan. The results are reported in a dissertation by Helena Wingbrant, a doctoral student at the S-SENCE center of excellence.

Beauty is number one

21 April, 2005 - Linköpings universitet

A beautiful exterior bolsters your self-esteem and thereby helps keep you healthy. This is a common argument in favor of beauty surgery, which has been scrutinized in a dissertation from Linköping University in Sweden. Beauty surgery, or aesthetic surgery, is a rapidly growing business. The first clinic in Sweden opened in the 1980s. Today there are more than 30 clinics that offer aesthetic surgery.

Short sugar chains – a future drug for Alzheimer’s?

19 April, 2005 - Uppsala universitet

Heparansulfate, which is needed for normal fetal development among other things, is also important for the build-up of amyloid, morbid protein deposits that appear in several serious diseases. This is shown by Uppsala scientists in an article published in today’s Net edition of the U.S. journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Science.